Heinrich Schütz was a German composer and organist,
as the most important German composer before Johann Sebastian Bach and
often considered to be one of the most important composers of the 17th
century along with Claudio Monteverdi.
grew up living in his father's inn at Weißenfels where his musical
talents were discoved by Moritz von Hessen-Kassel in 1599. After a
period studying law Schütz moved to Venice to study music with Giovanni
Schütz musical career was spent mainly in Dresden with appointments in
Venice and Copenhagen breaking the continuity.
Schütz music shows the influence of Gabrieli and Monteverdi. Schütz's
music, while starting off in the most progressive styles early in his
career, eventually grows into a style that is simple and almost
austere, culminating with his late Passion settings. Practical
considerations were certainly responsible for part of this change: the
Thirty Years' War had devastated the musical infrastructure of Germany,
and it was no longer practical or even possible to put on the gigantic
works in the Venetian style which marked his earlier period.